Things To See Around Selcuk

Ephesus Ruins

Ancient City Ephesus SelcukThe tour to the ruins of Antique Ephesus which was reestablished in its current location by Lysimakhos, one of the generals of Alexander the Great in 300 BC, generally starts from the road leading to Ihe House of Virgin Mary (Upper Gate). The ruins begin immediately after the entrance and cover an area of approximately 20 km2

Magnesia Gate
The structure constitute the only city gate that has been preserved to modem ages, and was probably built by the Emperor Vespasian (69-79 AD),

Eastern  Gymnasium
As the portrait statues of both the sophist Flavius Domianus and his wife Vedia Phaedrina were found In the Emperor's hall, the excavating archeologists think that the palaestra was built for both. The Eastern Gymnasium, which is one of the monumental structures in Ephesus, is a complete structure with Its baths, paleistra (sports area), its courtyard, lecture hall and emperor's hall.

Upper Baths
Upper baths was built in 1st century AD, Toilets and other various sections belonging to the Roman Era were also revealed in excavations. The adjacent buildings also bring to mind the possibility that the building may as well be a Gymnasium. It was built in accordance with the Roman Baths architecture.

Aqueducts And Nympheum (Grand Fountain)
During the Ephesus excavations, many fountains from various eras were revealed. The sources feeding water to these fountains are quite far awav. In addition to these fountains, a large amount of the water required was being supplied from wells and cisterns The water of the grand fountain located at the edge of the road in the south of the Agora is known as the "Mamas Water" and is still considered as a pleasure to drink The ruins of the aqueduct seen on the 6th km of the Selcuk-Aydin road, called the Sekstilius Pollio Aqueduct, used to carry water on this line. The Nympheum was planned and built in accordance with the road before it between 4 A.D. and 14 A.D. Later, the fountain underwent changes and look its final look in 4th Century A.D.

State Agora
The structure is 160 m. in height and 73 m in width and was built in the 1st century. It was where grand commercial affairs under state control were carried out, and the place was used for congregations, as well as for political and religious ceremonies.

The northern stoa of the Agora was transformed into a 160 m-high basilica in the late Augustus Period. The Basilica has a wooden hip roof and three naves. The naves are separated from each other by two rows of columns.

Odeon (Bouleterion)
Built for 1400 people, the structure hosts not only concerts and theatrical plays but also the meetings of the Municipal Board and conferences. It was built by Vedius Antonius and his wife Papiana in 2nd Century A.D. The top section of the building is closed.

Pretension (Municipal Palace)
Ruins of Ephesus Izmir - Ephesus FiestaTogether with the Hestia alter, the Municipal Palace (Prytaneion) also served as a sacred place of the city. A holy fire was always on the altar. This neverdying fire has burned for centuries in this place called 'The sacred place of Hestia (the Goddess of Hearth)'. The two famous Artemis statues exhibited in the Ephesus Museum were found in this building. The structure was first built in the Lysimakhos Period (3rd Century BC), Most of the ruins seen today belong to the first Century. Later, two adjacent temples were added to the complex. One of these temples were dedicated to the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar and the other was dedicated to the Roman Goddess (Dea Roma).

Water Palace
It was built by the Proconsul Laecanius Bassus in 80 BC. It is called the "Water Palace" since it has a monumental appearance. The fountain used to be adorned with surrounding statues, which are now exhibited in the Ephesus Museum.

Domitian Temple
It was built for Emperor Domitian (81-96). It is the first temple dedicated to a Roman Emperor in Ephesus. With dimensions of 50 x 100 m, the temple sits on a terrace. This terrace now serves as the "Museum of Inscriptions". There used to be a Lishaped altar in front of the temple.

Pollio Fountain
Built for C. Sextilius Pollio in 97 AD. There was a pond in front of the fountain, decorated with the Odysseus and Polyphemos statue group.
Memmius Monument
It is thought that the structure was built in the 1st century AD in the period of Emperor Augustus, or according to an epitaph, for Memmius, one of the grandchildren of the Dictator Sulla. In the 4th Century AD, a grand fountain was added to the northwestern side of the monument.

Heracles Gate
The gate, located at the beginning of the Street of Curettes extending to the west from the Memmius Monument, has two stories; the first storey accommodates a passageway with a wide arch, whereas the second storey is lined with six columns

The Street Of Curettes
Beauty of Ephesus / Hotel Bella SelcukThe Street was built in the name of the Curettes Union, which played a significant role in the administration of the city and which consisted of 6 members that were changed annually. Behind the columns lining both sides of the street were agoras, whereas the statues of the famous Ephesians decorated the front of the columns. The street is dated back to 4th or 5th century. Beneath the marble-tile street was the largest sewer system of the city

Traian Fountain
It was built for Emperor Traian (98-117). The fountain dates back to 102-114 AD. In the mid section of the two-storey structure, there is a colossal statue of Emperor Traian.

Skolastikia Baths
The structure was first built at the end of the first century, and was later combined with the "Love House" and the "Toilets". It has three floors. The capacity of the bath was enough to accommodate 1000 people. The other floors of the bath included restrooms, libraries and entertainment halls.

On the western edge of the Skolastikia Bath is a narrow street with a vault above. The portals of Latrina open to this street. This structure served as the public toilets of the city, with a square-shaped pond in the middle, and a line of toilet stones. Right in front of the toilet stones is a water duct. The floor is covered with mosaic tiles.

Hadrian Temple
It is the most striking of the decorative structures in Ephesus. It was dedicated to Emperor Hadrian in 118-138 A.D. On the fronton is a relief of Tyche, the goddess of the city. Also on the frieze of the temple, the foundation myth of Ephesus is depicted.

The octagonal monumental tomb situated on the edge of the street right across the Hadrian Temple is set on a rectangular pedestal. Surrounding the structure is a row of columns featuring Corinthian capitals. The roof is pyramidal. The tomb was found in 1929, and the skeleton inside the tomb was identified to be of a 18-20 year old girl.

The Byzantium Fountain
Next to the Oktogon, there are a number of Greek and Latin inscriptions. These are the orders of the Emp. Valentiniaus I. Valens and Gratianus regarding the State Asia celebrations and the reconstruction of the city and the city walls after the devastating earthquake at the end of the 4th century. Adjacent to these inscriptions is another monumental tomb planned in a horse-shoe fashion. This monument was partially destroyed in the 5th Century AD, during the erection of a fountain on the structure. The fountain consists of a pond in the front and the basic structure in the rear.


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